Why Everyone Is Angry About New York’s AI Jobs Law


The use of AI in recruitment has been criticized as a way to automate and perpetuate existing racial and gender biases. AI systems that evaluate a candidate’s facial expressions and language have been shown to prioritize Caucasian, male, and able-bodied candidates. The problem is big, many companies use AI at least once during the hiring process. Charlotte Burroughs, chairman of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, said at a January meeting that four out of five companies use automation to make hiring decisions.

New York City’s Automated Hiring Decision Tools Act, which went into effect Wednesday, requires employers using AI in hiring to inform candidates. They must also submit to an annual independent audit to certify that their systems are not racist or sexist. Candidates will be able to request information from potential employers about what data is collected and analyzed by this technology. Violations are subject to fines of up to $1,500.

Proponents of the law say it’s a good start, if not perfect, to regulate AI and mitigate some of the harms and risks associated with its use. The bill calls for a better understanding of the algorithms companies use and whether their technology unfairly discriminates against women or people of color. Also, when it comes to US AI policy, this is a fairly rare regulatory success, and more such specific regional regulations are likely. You can expect something, don’t you think?

However, the law faces significant controversy. Public interest groups and civil rights activists say the law is unenforceable and insufficiently scoped, and that it is impractical and burdensome for businesses to comply. there is

Groups such as the Center for Democracy and Technology, the Surveillance Technology Surveillance Project (STOP), the NAACP Legal Defense Education Fund, and the New York Civil Liberties Union say the law is “not comprehensive” and excludes many uses of automated systems. claimed to be dangerous. This includes systems that use AI to screen thousands of candidates.

Moreover, the audit industry is currently so immature that it is not clear exactly what independent audits will accomplish. In January, the BSA, an influential technology trade group that includes Adobe, Microsoft, IBM and others, submitted comments to the city criticizing the law, arguing that third-party audits were “impossible.”

STOP executive director Albert Fox-Kahn said: “It’s hard to know how much an auditor can access a company’s information and how much they can actually question how the company operates. , there are many questions,” he said. For example, there were financial auditors, but there were no tax laws, audit regulations, or even generally accepted accounting principles. ”

Khan argues the law could create a false sense of security and safety around AI and jobs. “This is a fig leave taken as evidence that you are actually protected from these schemes. .


Source link

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *